Makerere University Department of Fine Art
Makerere University Department of Fine Art – Check details below:
MTSIFA found it necessary to restructure its Bachelors, Masters and PhD programs. From the single Industrial and Fine Arts program, developed in 1995, three programs emerged and one of which is Fine Art. Since its inception in 1940 achieved fame and recognition both locally and internationally, it is mainly because of the well structured and managed courses in Fine Art.
Although the teaching methods have changed to suit the changing needs of the student, the aim of the department is still as Jonathan Kingdon explained 45 years ago – to develop the intrinsic talents of the students ( who come from all races and backgrounds) and the direction a students’ work derived from his/[her] own choice and inner necessity. The ultimate aim is to assist students to choose a direction based on their competence and desire.
The courses in Fine Art can be divided into two broad distinctions. The more academic disciplines which include History of Art and Drawing while the professional disciplines include Painting, Sculpture, Stained Glass, Anatomy and Printmaking. Below are the details:
Sculpture is wide ranging. Clay is the most readily and abundantly available in Uganda and there most frequently used in the sculpture studio. It is also fortunately the most versatile material available to a sculptor. In the studio, we either model it to a terracotta finish or use as a transit medium to more permanent materials like bronze or cement.
With the two fire wood kilns in the department (large and small) we are able to fire both the clay work and the investments for lost wax casting. This type casting which in Uganda is available only in Makerere, enables students to produce sculptures in bronze, brass and aluminium. The essential equipment here is the foundry which is able to melt the metals mentioned above. Students are also exposed to wood carving using both modern and traditional methods.
Both Painting and Sculpture are the oldest and perhaps most enduring disciplines in the department. The media used in Painting are oil colors, acrylic colors, water colors, pastels and powder colors painted on a variety of surfaces which include paper, canvas material, hard board, wall surfaces etc. Attention is paid to functional fitness of various media for specific locations. The department encourages students to treat Painting as a medium that can be extended and applied in other disciplines as well as itself being enriched by these disciplines. Makerere University Department of Fine Art
A variety of materials and processes are available for the printmaker at Makerere. This is surface printing. The ink when printing, is rolled on to the remaining areas of the surface of the block then paper is laid on top and pressure applied evenly. Wood engraving. Here sharp tools are used to gauge out white areas on plywood similar to lino cutting. The printing process too is similar. With this method however, one can achieve richer textures and sharper lines. In Silk Screen printing, silk or nylon is stretched over a wooden frame and stencils are cut and fixed on to the silk. Ink is passed over the stencils on to paper with a squeegee. The ink dries quickly and can be printed quickly.
Innovations in stained glass have also led to production of mosaic art on any conceivable surface.
History of Art
History of Art seeks to explain these expressions of life art within a certain set of circumstances and conditions.
Life Drawing and Objective Study
This course which looks at the human figure and the general environment aims to develop insight into the richly varied nature of drawing through the students’ own practice and a variety of exercises. As well as feeding into professional courses, drawing can stand as an independent self sustaining discipline.
This is not to underestimate the local market which is also growing each day. New Art Galleries are opening up to take the growing number of artists looking for avenues to market their products. Prospects for free lance Fine Artists are therefore bright.
Fine Artists can also work as school teachers as well as lecturers in teachers training institutions and universities, in Museums and Art Galleries as curators, in civil service as Community Development and Culture Officers, in the art sections of the Televisions Broadcasting etc..